India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is probably the most populous country in the world (recently surpassed by China) and the seventh largest country by land area. Bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast, it shares a land border with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is close to Sri Lanka and the Maldives; Its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share maritime borders with Thailand, Myanmar and Indonesia. Modern humans arrived in the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupations, initially in many isolated forms as hunter-gatherers, have made the region very diverse, second only to Africa in terms of human genetic diversity. People. Settlement life emerged on the subcontinent at the western edge of the Indus Basin 9,000 years ago, gradually evolving into the Indus Valley Civilization of the third millennium BC. Around 1200 BC, an ancient form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, spread into India from the northwest. Evidence of it is found today in the hymns of the Rigveda. Preserved by a resolutely cautious oral tradition, the Rigveda chronicles the dawn of Hinduism in India. The Dravidian languages of India have been replaced in the northern and western regions. By 400 BC, caste stratification and exclusion had arisen in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism as well, declaring social orders unrelated to genetics. Early political consolidation gave rise to loose Maurya and Gupta empires based in the Ganges basin. Their collective time was marked by great creativity, but also marked by a decline in the status of women and the incorporation of untouchables into an organized belief system. In southern India, the medieval kingdoms exported scriptures and religious culture in the Dravidian language to the kingdoms of Southeast Asia. During the early medieval period, Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Zoroastrianism were established on the southern and western coasts of India. Central Asian Muslim armies occasionally invaded the northern plains of India, eventually establishing the Delhi Sultanate and drawing northern India into the international network of medieval Islam. In the 15th century, the Vijayanagara Empire created a lasting fusion of Hindu culture in southern India. In Punjab, Sikhism emerged, rejecting the institutionalized religion. The Mughal Empire in 1526 ushered in two centuries of relative peace, leaving behind a brilliant architectural legacy. The gradual expansion of British East India Company rule followed, transforming India into a colonial economy, but also consolidating its sovereignty. Domination of Great Britain began in 1858. The rights promised to the Indians were granted gradually, but technological changes were introduced and modern ideas about education and public life were introduced. plus has been applied. A pioneering and influential nationalist movement arose, which became known for its nonviolent resistance and became a major factor in the end of British rule. In 1947, the British Indian Empire was divided into two independent Autonomous States, one India with a Hindu majority and the other with a Muslim majority Pakistan. context of unprecedented loss of life and migration. India has been a federal republic since 1950, governed by a democratic parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multiethnic society. India's population has grown from 361 million in 1951 to 1.4 billion in 2022. At the same time, the country's nominal per capita income has increased from 64 USD/year to 1,498 USD and the rate literacy from 16.6% to 74%. From a relatively impoverished country in 1951, India has become a rapidly growing large economy and information technology services hub, with a growing middle class. Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in India and other countries on AgencyNetwork.