West Bengal is a state in the eastern part of India. It is located along the Bay of Bengal, with a population of more than 91 million people over an area of 88,752 square kilometers (34,267 sq mi). West Bengal is the fourth and thirteenth most populous state in India, and the eighth most populous subdivision in the world. Part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it is bordered by Bangladesh to the east, Nepal and Bhutan to the north. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata, the third largest municipality and seventh largest city by population in India. West Bengal includes the Himalayan Darjeeling, the Ganges Delta, the Rarh region, the coastal Sundarbans and the Bay of Bengal. The main ethnic group in the state is the Bengali, with Bengali Hindus making up the majority. The early history of the region featured a succession of Indian empires, internal feuds, and the struggle between Hinduism and Buddhism for dominance. Ancient Bengal was the site of some of the great Janapadas, while the earliest cities date back to Vedic times. The area was part of several ancient Indian empires, including the Vangas, Mauryans and Guptas. Gau?a Citadel was once the capital of Gau?a Kingdom, Pala Empire and Sena Empire. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Sultanate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread throughout the Bengal region. Within the Sultanate of Bengal, the territory was a major trading country in the world and is often referred to by Europeans as "the richest country in which to trade". It was incorporated into the Mughal Empire in 1576. At the same time, part of the region was ruled by several Hindu states and Baro-Bhuyan landowners, and part of it was briefly invaded by the Suri Empire. After the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in the early 1700s, pre-industrialized Mughal Bengal became a semi-independent state under the Nawabs of Bengal and showed signs of the first industrial revolution. The area was later conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and became part of the Bengal Presidency. From 1772 to 1911, Calcutta was the capital of British India. From 1912 until India's independence in 1947, it was the capital of all of Bengal. The area was a hotbed of the Indian independence movement and remains one of India's major artistic and intellectual centers. After widespread religious violence, the Legislative Assembly of Bengal and the Legislative Assembly of Bengal voted in 1947 to divide Bengal by religion into two independent territories: West Bengal, a state with a majority Hindu Indian population, and East Bengal, a majority Muslim province of Pakistan, which later became independent Bangladesh. Early and prolonged contact with British authorities led to the expansion of Western education, culminating in developments in science, institutional education and social reform in the region, including the so-called Bengali Renaissance. Several regional and pan-Indian empires throughout Bengal's history have shaped its culture, cuisine, and architecture. After India's independence, as a welfare state, West Bengal's economy was based on agricultural production and small and medium enterprises. The state's cultural heritage, in addition to diverse folk traditions, ranges from iconic literary works, including Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, to dozens of musicians, filmmakers and artists. For several decades, the state experienced political violence and economic stagnation before recovering. As of 2021-2022, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth largest state economy in India with a gross domestic product (GSDP) of 15.36 Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in India and other countries on AgencyNetwork.