Varanasi (also known as Benares or Benares) is a city on the Ganges River in northern India that holds a central place in the traditions of pilgrimage, death and mourning in the Hindu world. The city has a synchronous tradition of “craft” underpinning its religious tourism. Located in the valley between the Ganges in the southeastern state of Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi lies on the left bank of the river. It lies 692 kilometers (430 mi) southeast of the Indian capital New Delhi and 320 kilometers (200 mi) east of the state capital, Lucknow. It lies 121 kilometers (75 mi) downstream from Allahabad (officially known as Prayagraj), where its confluence with the Yamuna River is another major Hindu pilgrimage site. Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Kashi, its ancient name, is associated with a kingdom of the same name 2500 years ago. The lion capital of Ashoka in nearby Sarnath has been understood to commemorate the Buddha's first sermon in the fifth century BC. In the 8th century, Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as the official sect of Varanasi. Since ancient times, the city has been an important center of Hindu devotion, pilgrimage, mysticism and poetry, contributing to the city's cultural significance. Tulsidas wrote his epic in the Awadhi language, the Ramcharitmanas, a Bhakti movement that remakes the Sanskrit Ramayana, in Varanasi. Several other major figures of the Bhakti movement were born in Varanasi, including Kabir and Ravidas. In the 16th century, Rajput nobles serving the court and army of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, financed the construction or renovation of the main Shiva temple in the city; they also built other temples, all of which exhibit an empire-wide architectural style. Under the Treaty of Faizabad, the East India Company acquired Benares in 1775, the city later became part of the division of Benares into the Concession and Conquered Provinces, the Northwest Provinces, and the United Nations. continued, and after India's independence from Uttar Pradesh. Silk weaving, carpets, handicrafts and tourism employ a significant portion of the local population, as do the locomotive factories in Banaras and the heavy electrical installations in Bharat. Varanasi is a cultural center in northern India associated with the Ganges River. Hindus believe that dying here and being cremated along the banks of the Ganges will help break the cycle of reincarnation and possibly be saved. The city is known worldwide for its many ghats, the steps that descend down the steep riverbank into the water, where pilgrims perform rituals. Of particular note are Dashashwamedh Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat and Harishchandra Ghat, the latter two where Hindus cremate the dead. Hindu genealogical records from Varanasi are kept here. Notable temples in Varanasi include Shiva's Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple and Durga Temple. The city has long been a center of education and music: Many of India's leading philosophers, poets, writers and musicians live or have lived in the city, and that is where Benares gharana's Hindustani classical music form developed. In the 20th century, Hindi-Urdu writer Premchand and shehnai player Bismillah Khan became associated with the city. India's oldest Sanskrit university, Benares Sanskrit University, was established during the rule of the East India Company in 1791. Later education in Benares was heavily influenced by the rise of the Resurrection. of Indian nationalism in the late 19th century. Annie Besant founded Central Hindu College in 1898. In 1916, she and Madan Mohan Malviya founded Banaras Hindu University, India's first modern residential university. Kashi Vidyapith was founded in 1921. Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in India and other countries on AgencyNetwork.