Kolkata, also known as Calcutta, official name until 2001, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal, on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, 80 km (50 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh. It is the main business, commercial and financial center of eastern India and the main port of communication for northeastern India. According to the 2011 Indian Census, Kolkata is the seventh most populous city in India, with a population of 450,000 (4.5 million) in the city. It is part of the Kolkata metropolitan area (also known as Greater Kolkata) which has a population of over 1.41 crore (14.1 million inhabitants), making it the third most populous metropolitan area in India. In 2021, the Kolkata metropolitan area passed 1.5 crore (15 million) registered voters. The Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and India's only major river port. Kolkata is considered the cultural capital of India. Kolkata is the second largest Bengali speaking city after Dhaka. It has the highest number of Nobel laureates of any city in India. In the late 17th century, the three villages before Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal rule. After Nawab granted a trading license to the East India Company in 1690, the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post known as Fort William. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah captured Calcutta in 1756 and the East India Company recaptured it the following year. By 1793, the East India Company was strong enough to abolish indigenous rule and take full sovereignty over the area. Under the Company's rule and then under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of the British territories in India until 1911. In that year, after assessing its geographical location, Combined with the growing nationalism in Bengal, the British moved the capital to a relatively more central region. area in New Delhi. After gaining independence in 1947, Kolkata, once India's leading commercial, cultural and political center, endured decades of political violence and economic stagnation before recovering back to life. again. As a demographically diverse global city, Kolkata's culture has its own characteristics that include close quarters and free-flowing conversations. Kolkata is home to the East Indian film industry, known as Tollywood, and cultural institutions such as the Academy of Fine Arts, Victoria Memorial, Asia Society, Museum of India and National Library 'India. Among the scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agricultural Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Association of Scientific Congresses, the Geophysical Survey. Zoological Survey of India, Institute of Engineers, Anthropological Survey of India and Indian Public Health Association. Four Nobel laureates and two Nobel laureates are associated with the city. Despite being home to major cricket venues and brands, Kolkata stands out in India for being the center of the football association in the country and also having a strong culture in other less popular sports. in other places. Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in India and other countries on AgencyNetwork.