Karratha is a town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, adjacent to the port of Dampier. It was established in 1968 to house the processing and export workforce of mining company Hamersley Iron and, in the 1980s, the oil and liquefied natural gas operations of West Shelf Joint Ventures. North. As of June 2018, Karratha has an urban population of 16,708. The town's name derives from the breeding station of the same name, derived from a word in the local Aboriginal language meaning "good country" or "soft land". The town is the seat of government for the city of Karratha, a local government area that covers the surrounding area. Karratha, a remote town, is located approximately 1,535 kilometers (954 mi) north of Perth and 241 kilometers (150 mi) west of Port Hedland on the North West Coast Highway. It is located at the central south end of Nickol Bay, where there have been settlements on the bay since the 1860s. The town is rectangular in shape and is located on flat land next to Nickol Bay. Salt fields and mangroves separate the city from the sea, just behind the city (to the south) are low hills. Karratha's economic base includes Rio Tinto Group's iron ore mining operations, sea salt mining, ammonia export operations, the Northwest Highlands natural gas project, the largest development project in the world. Natural Resources Australia's newest natural gas project, Pluto LNG, is adjacent to the North's existing West Shelf LNG facility and Yara International's engineering ammonia/ammonium nitrate production facility. Karratha was born in 1968 due to the rapid growth of the iron ore industry and the need for a new regional center due to land shortages in Dampier. Karratha has the largest shopping mall in Pilbara, Karratha City, which houses major grocery and food retailers as well as department stores. It opened in 1986 as the City of Karratha and was expanded in 2005. The center also serves the neighboring towns of Dampier, Wickham and Roebourne. There is also a smaller center, Karratha Village, where health services include a pharmacy and medical and dental offices. The Karratha Medical Facility is a hospital serving the Greater Karratha City Local Government Area, newly opened in 2018. Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in Australia and other countries on AgencyNetwork.