Bathinda is a city and municipality in Punjab, India. The town is the administrative seat of Bathinda County. It is located in northwestern India in the Malwa region, 227 km (141 mi) west of the capital, Chandigarh, and is the fifth largest city in Punjab. Bathinda is home to Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical College, Central Punjab University and AIIMS Bathinda. The city is also home to two modern thermal power plants, the Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Power Plant and the Guru Hargobind Thermal Power Plant in Lehra Mohabbat. Also located in the city are a fertilizer factory, two cement works (Ambuja Cement and UltraTech Cement Co., Ltd.), a large military post, an air force station, a zoo and a historic fortress. Qila Mubarak. Bhatinda was changed to Bathinda to match the locally pronounced phonetic expression. According to Henry George Raverty, Bathinda was known as Tabar-i-Hind (Labb-ut-Twarikh) or Tabarhindh, which roughly translates to "gateway to India". The first mention of Tabar-i-Hind occurs in the Jami-Ul-Hakayat written around 607 Hijri or 1211 AD. In 1004, Mahmud of Ghazni besieged and captured the local fortress, located on the northwest route to the rich Ganges valley. In 1190, Muhammad Ghori attacked and captured Bathinda fortress. Prithvi Raj Chauhan, ruler of the region, regained possession of the fort thirteen months later in 1191 after the First Battle of Tarain. However, Prithviraj Chauhan was killed in the Second Battle of Tarain and Bathinda fortress was again under the control of Muhammad Ghori. In 1488, Bathinda was conquered by Rao Bika, son of Rao Jodha (founder of Jodhpur) and became part of Bikaner state. Bathinda was an important fort in the Lahore region of Delhi during the era of the Delhi Sultanate. In 1634, a battle called the Battle of Lahira (at Lahira in Bathinda) was fought between Guru Hargobind and the Mughals. The city became an important center of commerce and commerce under Mughal rule and Mughal emperors such as Akbar and Aurangzeb undertook many projects to improve Bathinda fortress. Around 1754, the city was conquered by Maharaja Ala Singh, Maharaja of Patiala and since then it has followed the history of the former state of Patiala. With the dawn of independence and the amalgamation of the states of Patiala and East Punjab into a division called PEPSU, Bathinda became an official district based in the city of Bathinda. Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in India and other countries on AgencyNetwork.