Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. With an area of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi), Australia is the largest country by area in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country. Australia is the oldest, flattest, and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It is a mega-diverse country, and its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east. The ancestors of Aboriginal Australians began arriving from south east Asia approximately 65,000 years ago, during the last ice age. Arriving by sea, they settled the continent and had formed approximately 250 distinct language groups by the time of European settlement, maintaining some of the longest known continuing artistic and religious traditions in the world. Australia's written history commenced with the European maritime exploration of Australia. The Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon was the first known European to reach Australia, in 1606. In 1770, the British explorer James Cook mapped and claimed the east coast of Australia for Great Britain, and the First Fleet of British ships arrived at Sydney in 1788 to establish the penal colony of New South Wales. The population of Europe increased in the following decades, and by the end of the gold rush of the 1850s, much of the continent had been explored by European settlers and five more British colonies were established. found. Democratic parliaments were gradually established in the 19th century, culminating in a vote for the federation of the six colonies and the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. Since then, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system and a rich market economy. Politically, Australia is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, consisting of six states and ten territories. Australia's population of nearly 26 million is highly urbanized and concentrated on the east coast. Canberra is the capital of the country, while the most populous city and financial center is Sydney. The next four major cities are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. Australia's demographics have been shaped by centuries of immigration: Immigrants make up 30% of the country's population and nearly half of Australians have at least one foreign parent. Australia's rich natural resources and well-developed international trade relations are vital to the country's economy, which generates income from a variety of sources, including services, mining exports, and more. mining, banking, manufacturing, agriculture and international education. Australia is a highly developed country with a high income economy. By 2022, it is the fourteenth economy in the world with the ninth highest per capita income. In 2021, it ranks fifth on the Human Development Index.Australia is a regional power and has the thirteenth highest military spending in the world. Australia ranks among the best in the world for quality of life, democracy, health, education, economic freedom, civil liberties, security and political rights, with all Australia's major cities all perform excellently in comparative global livability surveys. It is a member of international groups such as the United Nations, G20, OECD, WTO, ANZUS , AUKUS, Five Eyes, Quad, APEC, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific Community and Commonwealth. . Find and hire a top agency or company for your next big project related to Digital Marketing, Advertising, Social Media Marketing, Content Writing, Market Research, PR, Email Marketing, Mobile App Development, Web Design, Web application development, Media Planning and many more in Australia and other countries on AgencyNetwork.